Gandhi Jayanti is a public holiday celebrated across India to mark the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, the “Father of the nation”.
IT is celebrated on October 2nd every year. IT is one of the declared holidays of India and is observed in all its states and territories.
About Gandhi Jayanti
The full name of Mahatma Gandhi is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born on 2nd October 1869 in Gujarat, then known as Porbandar, British India.
Gandhi lived his life with acceptance and practice of truth and non-violence, vegetarians, simplicity, and faith in the Creator and was a major political and spiritual leader within India. He was a founder of Satyagraha, which believed in resistance to oppression through mass civil insubordination, firmly founded upon total non-violence.
His honorable title of Mahatma, which means high-souled in Sanskrit was first used in 1914 in South Africa.
The movement led India to independence and his efforts have since inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. He was a source of motivation to many political leaders all over the world, including Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King Jr.
Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2nd, 1869, and died on January 30, 1948. He played an important role in the Indian independence movement. He developed the unique technique of non-violent agitation which he called “Satyagraha” loosely translated as “moral-domination”.
The start of the non-cooperation movement in 1922 and the Salt Satyagraha or Dandi March starting on March 12, 1930. Gandhi’s efforts India finally obtained its freedom on August 15, 1947. The nation mourned for him after he was murdered on January 30, 1948. The United Nations (UN) declared that day “International day of non-violence” each year to coincidence with Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday. It is declared by the UN assembly on 15 June 2007.
He is a sign of peace and truth. He studied law in the UK and practice law in South Africa. In his autobiography “My experiments with Truth” Gandhiji described his childhood and teenage years, his marriage with Kasturba Gandhi at the age of 13, and the sheer dedication for his motherland. He has set an example of simple living and high thinking. He was against addiction like smoking, drinking, and non-vegetarianism. He proved to the world that freedom can be achieved through the path of total non-violence.
Gandhiji was an important figure both in India and around the world. His life and principles have inspired people of all ages. He is quoted most famously on life and on forgiveness, saying “My life is my message” and “The weak can never forgive”.Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong”.He is celebrated for his methods, his determination, and his good intentions for peace and all people. Here are some of his famous quotes-
“Be the change that you want to see in the world.”
“If I have the belief that I can do it, I shall surely acquire the capacity to do it even if I may not have it at the beginning.”
“I will not let anyone walk through my mind with their dirty feet.”
“Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs, but not every man’s greed.”
“In a gentle way, you can shake the world.”
“A small body of determined spirits fired by an unquenchable faith in their mission can alter the course of history.”
“Whenever you are confronted with an opponent, conquer him with love.”
“An eye for an eye will make the whole world blind.”
“The future depends on what you do today.”
“You may never know what results come of your actions, but if you do nothing, there will be no results.”
Click Here–>> Gandhi Jayanti quotes
In many ways, Gandhiji is remembered as an anti-war activist. His organized boycotts would become an important example of protests around the world for generations to come. Especially in a world so freshly engulfed by World war first and World war II, his demonstration had a moving effect on the spirits of all kinds of people. He has become an international symbol of peace in many different regards. Gandhiji had a great love for truth and duty. He was a man with great tastes and values. People also call Mahatma Gandhi as Bapu.
What kind of activities are done on Gandhi Jayanti?
The day is marked by prayer all over India and especially at Raj Ghat, Gandhiji’s memorial in New Delhi where he was cremated.
Celebrations on the day include prayer meetings and celebrated in various cities by colleges, local government institutions, and socio-political institutions.
Painting and easy competitions are held and awards are announced for projects in school and the community on the themes of glorifying peace non-violence and Gandhiji’s effort in the Indian freedom struggle.
This holy day is a dry day in India when the sale of alcohol is not permitted.
The year 2014 and ‘the pledge of cleanliness’
In 2014 the government asked all public sector employees to attend work on 2nd October, to spend the day cleaning their officers to mark the launch of the ‘clean India’ initiatives this appeal to work on a public holiday did not apply to the private sector. Despite this, technically this was still a non-working day, as employees came to work to clean, not do their regular duties.
The showing of films and book regardings on Mahatma Gandhi’s life and achievements. Many people sing Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram Gandhi’s favorite bhajan song. Bunches of the flower are placed on many statues of Mahatma Gandhi throughout India. Most of the people also refrain from eating meat or drinking alcohol on the 2nd of October.
Three locations in India play important roles in the celebration of Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday. They are-
The Martyr’s column at the Gandhi Smriti in New Delhi where Mahatma Gandhi was shot on January 30, 1948.
The Raj Ghat on the banks of the river Yamuna in New Delhi where Mahatma Gandhi’s body was cremated on January 31st, 1948.
The Triveni Sangam where the rivers Ganga Yamuna Saraswati come together near Allahabad.
Mahatma Gandhiji felt that India could never become independent until the country could produce its own cloth. He encouraged people to spin and wave cotton cloth using a small scale tradition spinning wheels and looms. hence simple hand spinning wheels for cotton became an important sign of the struggle for Indian freedom and Mahatma Gandhi’s life and work.
Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th-anniversary events
On Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th birthday, he was paid different tributes.
The central railway zone celebrated Mahatma Gandhi is 150th birth anniversary year by painting a diesel locomotive with the Mahatma Gandhi’s picture on the background of the national tricolor.
To give a tribute to Gandhiji, The honorable prime minister Mr.Narendra Modi has released a coin of 150 rupees on his 150th birthday, Congress interim chief Sonia Gandhi, former P.M. Manmohan Singh also pay tribute at Rajghat. Congress workers took a mass of oath to carry forward Mahatma Gandhi’s vision. Meanwhile, BJP chief Amit Shah fledged off the party’s nationwide Gandhi Sankalp Yatra. In the evening PM Modi visited Sabarmati Ashram in Gujarat to address 10,000 sarpanches. He also declared India ‘open defecation free’ and success of the ‘swachh Bharat mission’ and launched a war against plastic.
An exhibition titled ‘picture postcards for Gandhi‘ to mark the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and his contribution towards the environment was held at M.F. Husain art gallery of Jamia Millia Islamia. The exhibition was organized, designed, and curated by professor Farhat Bashir Khan.
‘live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.’
When we celebrate Gandhi Jayanti?
We celebrate Gandhi Jayanti on 2nd October every year.
Who was Gandhiji?
Gandhiji was freedom fighter of India.
Who kill Mahatma Gandhi?
Mr. Nathuram godse killed Mahatma Gandhi.